The storage systems in warehouses make a lot of difference in the efficiency of the processes. It is especially crucial for larger businesses with high scales of production. Efficient stock management and warehousing logistics are necessary to ensure sustainable business growth. And the best possible way of maximising storage is by selecting the right pallet racking for a warehouse. When you assess the logistics of your business and its specific needs, you can invest in the best storage solution and prevent the slowing down of warehouse operations.
The selection of pallet racking depends on the height and space of the building, weight, size, and volume of each pallet, the number of pallets, and the type of material handling equipment. However, before choosing a racking system, you must go through the following factors.
Pallet racking types
There are several strategies for pallet racking, and the choice of pallet racking depends on the type of business and the products you manufacture. Various types of pallet storage include:
- Adjustable pallet racking: It stores pallets mechanically by using forklifts.
- Compact racking: It is a high-dense storage system that optimises warehouse height and space. Here, parallel isles are generated within the structure, allowing forklifts to enter and move around.
- Mobile pallet racking: It is a solution where chassis or mobile bases are used to mount the metal structure and are guided by fixed rails.
- Live pallet racking: It is a compact storage system that uses gravitational force and push to maximise pallet storage.
The choice of a storage system needs a thorough floor plan. It will determine the number of pallets you store and the floor space available. While some pallets are designed to take up to 5000 kg per level, some can handle 500 kg per level. A floor plan will also help determine the use of vertical and floor space, inventory access, shipping areas, and docking locations. It also helps in identifying various obstructions and unchangeable factors to optimise the use of infinite space. When you have a general idea of the weights of the pallet and the shelves in your system, the choice of your racking system becomes more straightforward.
Height is a vital consideration while selecting a suitable pallet racking for a warehouse. In addition to looking at the floorplan, you must also consider the vertical space. You can use the full height of the warehouse and the most efficient racking system to double your storage capacity. Moreover, don’t forget to factor in using other equipment like forklifts or cranes. For example, your forklift can reach a height of 4 metres, so there is no need for pallet racking of 6 metres unless you plan to purchase a new forklift. Hence, you must consider the height and material handling equipment before buying pallet racking.
You must have sufficient funds for pallet racking. You need to be mindful of the quality as the cheapest options are not necessarily the best. While low-cost options can be tempting, they may not be adaptable or versatile enough to change or expand according to business needs. So, if you are considering second-hand racks, make sure they comply with industry standards, or you need to get them certified.
The investment in the proper storage solution leads to seamless warehouse operations. However, you must remember that not all pallet racks are made equal, so you must evaluate your business needs and choose a reputable and experienced manufacturer. Also, make sure you choose a durable system or one that can be customised according to the changes in your product range.